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Growing Cocoa - Origins, Conditions & Breeds

The genus Theobroma originated millions of years ago in South America, to the east of the Andes. Theobroma has been divided into twenty-two species of which T. cacao is the most widely known. It was the Maya who provided tangible evidence of cacao as a domesticated crop. Archaeological evidence in Costa Rica indicates that cacao was drunk by Maya traders as early as 400 BC. The Aztec culture, dominant in Mesoamerica from the fourteenth century to the Conquest, placed much emphasis on the sanctity of cacao.

The first outsider to drink chocolate was Christopher Columbus, who reached Nicaragua in 1502 searching for a sea route to the spices of the East. But it was Hernan Cortés, leader of an expedition in 1519 to the Aztec empire, who returned to Spain in 1528 bearing the Aztec recipe for xocoatl (chocolate drink) with him. The drink was initially received unenthusiastically and it was not until sugar was added that it became a popular drink in the Spanish courts.

More: http://www.icco.org/about-cocoa/growing-cocoa.html

Contact Details

Cocoa Marketing Company (gh) Ltd
Post Office Box 1017
Room 302, Cocoa House/
Accra, Ghana.

Tel
0233-21-668281/668352/ 668464
Fax
0233-21-665076/667058
E-mail